Training Course in Research Ethics & Integrity, 2nd edition
October 2021 – July 2022 | i3S – Instituto de Investigação e Inovação em Saúde
This course aims at providing the participants with solid knowledge and deliberation skills on research ethics/integrity. With a broad program on various topics, rooted in The European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity and lectured by excellent teaching staff, the course will promote the discussion of case studies within a reflective approach. Bearing in mind that this is a field of knowledge with a strong impact on the work environment and effective teamwork, the reflective dimension of the course is certainly one of its major strengths. By understanding and critically debating research ethics/integrity-specific issues, the participants will not only increase their awareness and knowledge of the given topics, but they will also be able to design alternative procedures, deliberate on ethical issues, and prevent misconduct and questionable practices. Due to a growing number of scientific fraud-reported cases, The European Community has issued policy documents and guidelines regarding responsible conduct in research. However, the answer to this problem cannot be restricted to norms and regulatory measures, since, without reflective training, this normative approach will fall short of its objectives. Lifelong training in research ethics/integrity is required in order to refocus the attention on good practices, healthy work-life balance, effective teamwork, and reliable science.
Target audience: PhD students and PhD holders in Biomedical Sciences, Social Sciences and Humanities; Researchers in Biomedical Sciences; Researchers in Social Sciences and Humanities; Lecturers in Biomedical Sciences, Social Sciences and Humanities.
Requirements: Personal laptop will be necessary for the online sessions.
Course Duration: 31 hours of lectures plus 26 hours of individual study for class preparation. Total amount of 57 hours.
Format: Online sessions and classroom lectures combined
Certificate: requires 80% of course attendance (16 sessions out of 20)
Organizer: Susana Magalhães, Unit for Responsible Conduct in Research, i3S
1. Fundamentals of Bioethics and Research Ethics
Date: Online session: 19.10.2021, 12:00-13:00 | Classroom session: 21.10.2021, 16:30-18:30, Auditorium Mariano Gago, i3S
Speakers: Susana Magalhães, i3S, and Maria do Céu Patrão Neves, Universidade dos Açores
- To provide an overview of the ethical issues of research with human beings throughout History (the respect for autonomy and the need to safeguard informed consent; the use of placebo; vulnerable research participants; the respect for confidentiality and integrity);
- To revisit and discuss the key principles of human research ethics, mainly the respect of persons, beneficence, and justice/equity;
- To provide input on the main bioethical principles underlying international and national documents on research ethics and integrity and to analyze how each of these principles can be enacted in the everyday life of a researcher;
- To promote reflection on the most sensitive areas of biomedical research and to provide a safe space for ethical deliberation on some case studies.
2. Good Research/er: what it is and why it matters (based on material and methods of the European Project Virt2UE)
Date: Online session: 16.11.2021, 12:00-13:00 | Classroom session: 23.11.2021, 16:30-18:30, Auditorium Mariano Gago, i3S
Speakers: Susana Magalhães, i3S, and João Ramalho Santos, Universidade de Coimbra, CNECV
- To stimulate reflection about the meaning of integrity, good research, and good researcher, by using different cases and methodologies of the European Project Virt2UE, which provides a research ethics course based on a virtue ethics approach.
3. Raising awareness on the different types of conflicts in scientific research: the role of good communication and ethical deliberation
Date: Online session: 14.12.2021, 12:00-13:00 | Classroom session: 21.12.2021, 16:30-18:30, Auditorium Mariano Gago, i3S
Speakers: Susana Magalhães, i3S, Rita Faria, Faculdade de Direito da Universidade do Porto and Pedro Cunha, Universidade Fernando Pessoa
- To present different ethical decision models and to train in ethical deliberation;
- To analyze and discuss the different cognitive biases and be aware of the conflicts of interest and their interference in scientific research;
- To promote the importance of constructive dialogue in order to avoid conflicts and to provide strategies to solve them (when they are not prevented).
4. Authorship | Integrity Issues in Publications
Date: Online session: 11.01.2022, 12:00-13:00 | Classroom session: 18.01.2022, 16:30-18:30, Auditorium Mariano Gago, i3S
Speakers: Susana Magalhães, i3S and Joana Araújo, BERC-Luso Project Assistant
- To discuss good practices and misconduct related to authorship, exploring the reasons and the consequences of Guest, Gift, and Ghost Authors.
- To raise awareness on the integrity issues related to citation and publication biases and their impact on a research career.
5. Plagiarism and Questionable Practices
Date: Online session: 08.02.2022, 12:00-13:00 | Classroom session: 15.02.2022, 16:30-18:30, Auditorium Mariano Gago, i3S
Speakers: Susana Magalhães, i3S and Anna Olsson, Laboratory Animal Science, i3S
- To get accurate knowledge of the meaning of Research Misconduct (Falsification, Fabrication, and Plagiarism) and to discuss real and hypothetical situations related to plagiarism and to questionable research practices.
6. Data Management/Manipulation
Date: Online session: 15.03.2022, 12:00-13:00 | Classroom session: 22.03.2022, 16:30-18:30, Auditorium Mariano Gago, i3S
Speakers: Susana Magalhães, i3S and Pedro Príncipe, Universidade do Minho
- To raise awareness on the meaning of terms and concepts, such as data, data management, data manipulation (research fraud) and to promote reflection and discussion on case studies;
- To discuss the importance of making good data management plans (DMP) and to share data;
- To provide information on useful tools for DMPs and Open Science.
7. Privacy, Confidentiality, and Data Protection
Date: Online session: 05.04.2022, 12:00-13:00 | Classroom session: 26.04.2022, 16:30-18:30, Auditorium Mariano Gago, i3S
Speakers: Susana Magalhães, i3S and Elisabete Castela, DPO Porto, University Hospital Centre (theoretical and practical)
- To clearly define the difference between privacy and confidentiality and to raise awareness on the importance of respecting these principles at research performing organizations;
- To point out the seven principles of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and to analyze the impact of GDPR on the responsibilities of researchers.
8. Designing a sustainable and ethical scientific system; Biobanks
Date: Online session: 17.05.2022, 12:00-13:00 | Classroom session: 24.05.2022, 16:30-18:30, Auditorium Mariano Gago, i3S
Speakers: Susana Magalhães, i3S, João Cunha Matos, CESP – INSERM, Espace Éthique Île de France, and Cíntia Águas, Jurista e doutoranda em Bioética, UCP
- To raise awareness on the meaning of the term biobank and on the ethical issues underlining this topic: protecting the rights of the individuals whose samples or data are in biobanks (information, autonomy, confidentiality, protection of private life), assuring the non-commercial use of human body elements and the optimal use of samples and data.
9. Human Research Ethics | Genomic Research
Date: Online session: 14.06.2022, 12:00-13:00 | Classroom session: 21.06.2022, 16:30-18:30, Auditorium Corino de Andrade, i3S
Speakers: Susana Magalhães, i3S; Ana Sofia Carvalho, CUF Hospitals, ICBAS and Luísa Pereira, i3S
- To raise awareness on the ethical issues that researchers have to comply with according to Horizon Europe and to discuss some case studies related with (un)ethical research;
- To reflect upon the ethical issues underlining genomic research and to discuss the views of the different stakeholders.
10. Vulnerability and Equity in Human Research | Ethics Committees
Date: Classroom session: 12.07.2022, 16:30-18:30, Auditorium Mariano Gago, i3S
Speakers: Susana Magalhães, i3S; Filipa Júlio, Vice-President of the Portuguese Huntington Association (Associação Portuguesa dos Doentes de Huntington), Universidade de Coimbra; and Mara de Sousa Freitas, CES-UCP
- To debate the different perspectives on the term Vulnerability and the impact of these different views on Equity in research;
- To understand the importance of discussing ethical issues in research within a dialogical approach, including the voices of all the stakeholders;
- To understand the role of ethics committees in research from a historical point of view and to analyze and discuss the information required when submitting a project to an ethics review board.
11. Designing ethical futures: Career Development Mentoring; Artificial Intelligence
Date: Online Session: 18.07.2022, 12:00-13:00 | Classroom session: 19.07.2022, 16:30-18:30, Auditorium Mariano Gago, i3S
Speakers: Susana Magalhães, Paula Perez, i3S, and Alípio Mário Guedes Jorge, FCUP | LIAAD (Laboratório de Inteligência Artificial e Apoio à Decisão), INESC TEC.
- To discuss the main ethical issues related to career development and mentoring in the academia/at research performing organizations;
- To identify the main ethical issues concerning the use of AI and the development of autonomous and intelligent systems;
- To discuss the ethical challenges we are facing regarding Human/Plant and Animal Genome Editing.
The registration in modules is not possible. It is only possible the register in the full course.
i3S – 20€ (limited to 20 participants)
INESC – 20€ (limited to 10 participants)
Other members – 50€ (limited to 15 participants)
Pre-registration deadline: 30 September 2021
Payment will be requested only after confirmation of acceptance.
The organizer reserves the right to cancel the course in case of an insufficient number of participants or other unforeseeable events that render the execution of the course.
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