Where Ideas Grow

Epithelial Polarity & Cell Division


Epithelial tissues play fundamental roles as the cohesive and selective barriers that compartmentalize animal life. A critical property of epithelial cells is their ability to establish molecular asymmetries along an apical-basal axis. This apical-basal polarity is so inseparable from epithelial function that its disruption has dramatic consequences for organism development and is also linked to human pathologies, including cancer. Our overarching goal is to understand how apical-basal organization is dynamically coordinated with cell division to preserve epithelial function during organ growth, development and homeostatic proliferation. The team of J. Ferreira follows an independent line of research to address how cell and nuclear mechanics ensure chromosome segregation fidelity in epithelial cells, in order to avert aneuploidy.



By uncovering new cellular and molecular mechanisms that preserve epithelial function and genome ploidy, we aim to elucidate two critical aspects of multicellular life, while providing new mechanistic insight to tackle disease. We currently address the following main questions:

  1. How to remodel apical-basal organization to propagate epithelial architecture and maintain cohesion during cell division?
  2. How to make cytokinesis a polarized and efficient process in epithelial tissue?
  3. How to switch on/off apical-basal polarity?
  4. How to coordinate polarity with cytoskeleton reorganization to drive collective cell migration?

To dissect epithelial dynamics at the organism level, we perform high-resolution microscopy in Drosophila tissues, taking advantage of the conservation of molecular mechanisms controlling apical-basal organization. Moreover, we are expanding the experimental tractability of Drosophila genetics (RNAi, mutants, CRISPR) with new optogenetic tools that enable high temporally-controlled in vivo and ex-vivo perturbations. These are complemented with biochemical and mechanical approaches as well as mammalian cell culture models, which we are establishing with our network of collaborators and recent funding (FCT - PTDC/BIA-CEL/1511/2021).

Our recent work has revealed how the subcellular organization of core regulators of epithelial polarity is dynamically adjusted during cell division and interphase to maintain epithelial architecture (Moreira et al., Cell Reports, 2019; Ventura et al., Development, 2020). Moreover, we have ongoing collaborations towards the development of new targeted approaches to manipulate protein function with high-temporal control (Zeng et al., Nat Struct Mol Biol, 2021), and for the development of new Drosophila models to study mutations identified in cancer patients (Figueiredo et al., Gastric Cancer, 2022). 

Confocal image showing a fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) ovariole. The germline (large internal cells) is surrounded by a layer of proliferative epithelial tissue, which is highly polarized at the functional and molecular level. Note the asymmetric organization of the actin cytoskeleton (green),


Selected Publications

Osswald M., Barros-Carvalho A., Carmo A.M., Loyer N., Gracio P.C., Sunkel C.E., Homem C.C.F., Januschke J., Morais-de-Sá E.,
aPKC regulates apical constriction to prevent tissue rupture in the Drosophila follicular epithelium. Current Biology32(20):4411-4427.e8, 2022. [Journal: Article] [CI: 2] [IF: 10,9 (*)]
DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2022.08.063 SCOPUS: 85140317779

Barros-Carvalho A., Morais-De-sá E.,
Balancing cell polarity PARts through dephosphorylation. Journal of Cell Biology221(10):, 2022. [Journal: Article] [IF: 8,1 (*)]
DOI: 10.1083/jcb.202208008 SCOPUS: 85138457767

Figueiredo J., Ferreira R.M., Xu H., Gonçalves M., Barros-Carvalho A., Cravo J., Maia A.F., Carneiro P., Figueiredo C., Smith M.L., Stamenovic D., Morais-de-Sá E., Seruca R.,
Integrin ß1 orchestrates the abnormal cell-matrix attachment and invasive behaviour of E-cadherin dysfunctional cells. Gastric Cancer25(1):124-137, 2022. [Journal: Article] [CI: 4] [IF: 7,7 (*)]
DOI: 10.1007/s10120-021-01239-9 SCOPUS: 85114350265

Zeng J., Santos A.F., Mukadam A.S., Osswald M., Jacques D.A., Dickson C.F., McLaughlin S.H., Johnson C.M., Kiss L., Luptak J., Renner N., Vaysburd M., McEwan W.A., Morais-de-Sá E., Clift D., James L.C.,
Target-induced clustering activates Trim-Away of pathogens and proteins. Nature Structural and Molecular Biology28(3):278-289, 2021. [Journal: Article] [CI: 21] [IF: 18,4]
DOI: 10.1038/s41594-021-00560-2 SCOPUS: 85101745267

Ventura G., Moreira S., Barros-Carvalho A., Osswald M., Morais-de-Sá E.,
Lgl cortical dynamics are independent of binding to the Scrib-Dlg complex but require Dlg-dependent restriction of aPKC. Development147(15):, 2020. [Journal: Article] [CI: 11] [IF: 6,9]
DOI: 10.1242/dev.186593 SCOPUS: 85089300645

Moreira S., Osswald M., Ventura G., Gonçalves M., Sunkel C.E., Morais-de-Sá E.,
PP1-Mediated Dephosphorylation of Lgl Controls Apical-basal Polarity. Cell Reports26(2):293-301.e7, 2019. [Journal: Article] [CI: 16] [IF: 8,1]
DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2018.12.060 SCOPUS: 85059397223

Osswald M., Morais-de-Sá E.,
Dealing with apical–basal polarity and intercellular junctions: a multidimensional challenge for epithelial cell division. Current Opinion in Cell Biology60:75-83, 2019. [Journal: Review] [CI: 8] [IF: 8,2]
DOI: 10.1016/j.ceb.2019.04.006 SCOPUS: 85066055206

Carvalho C.A., Moreira S., Ventura G., Sunkel C.E., Morais-De-Sá E.,
Aurora a triggers Lgl cortical release during symmetric division to control planar spindle orientation. Current Biology25(1):53-60, 2015. [Journal: Article] [CI: 57] [IF: 9]
DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2014.10.053 SCOPUS: 84920415073

Morais-De-Sá E., Sunkel C.,
Adherens junctions determine the apical position of the midbody during follicular epithelial cell division. EMBO Reports14(8):696-703, 2013. [Journal: Article] [CI: 64] [IF: 7,9]
DOI: 10.1038/embor.2013.85 SCOPUS: 84881480225

Morais-de-Sá E., Mirouse V., St Johnston D.,
aPKC Phosphorylation of Bazooka Defines the Apical/Lateral Border in Drosophila Epithelial Cells. Cell141(3):509-523, 2010. [Journal: Article] [CI: 211] [IF: 32,4]
DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2010.02.040 SCOPUS: 77951911203

Ongoing Projects

Disecção espacial e temporal da mecânica do núcleo na manutenção da estabilidade cromossómica
Reference: PTDC/BIA-CEL/6740/2020
Proponent: Instituto de Investigação e Inovação em Saúde - Universidade do Porto
Sponsor: FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
From 15-JAN-21 to 14-JAN-24
Mechanisms coordinating epithelial architecture with cell division
Reference: PTDC/BIA-CEL/1511/2021
Proponent: Instituto de Investigação e Inovação em Saúde - Universidade do Porto
Sponsor: FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
From 01-JAN-22 to 31-DEC-24